23 August 2011

add a script to the default applications list in gnome

My previous post explains how to use a script to open vim in the terminal. I used a work-around method to set the script as the default editor for plain text files. With a bit of fiddling I added the script to the list of preferred applications:


Firstly create a new .desktop file for our script in our ~/.local/share/applications directory:
cd ~/.local/share/applications
vim /vim-gnome.desktop
Insert the following contents. Remember to replace '/PATH/TO/vim-gnome with the path to where you have the script saved. Also if you have a custom icon replace '/PATH/TO/vim.svg' with the path to your icon.

[Desktop Entry]
Categories=Utility;TextEditor;
Comment=Edit text files
Comment[af]=Redigeer tekslêers
Comment[am]=የጽሑፍ ፋይሎች ያስተካክሉ
Comment[ar]=حرّر ملفات نصية
Comment[az]=Mətn fayllarını redaktə edin
Comment[be]=Рэдагаваньне тэкставых файлаў
Comment[bg]=Редактиране на текстови файлове
Comment[bn]=টেক্স্ট ফাইল এডিট করুন
Comment[bs]=Izmijeni tekstualne datoteke
Comment[ca]=Edita fitxers de text
Comment[cs]=Úprava textových souborů
Comment[cy]=Golygu ffeiliau testun
Comment[da]=Redigér tekstfiler
Comment[de]=Textdateien bearbeiten
Comment[el]=Επεξεργασία αρχείων κειμένου
Comment[en_CA]=Edit text files
Comment[en_GB]=Edit text files
Comment[es]=Edita archivos de texto
Comment[et]=Redigeeri tekstifaile
Comment[eu]=Editatu testu-fitxategiak
Comment[fa]=ویرایش پرونده‌های متنی
Comment[fi]=Muokkaa tekstitiedostoja
Comment[fr]=Édite des fichiers texte
Comment[ga]=Eagar comhad Téacs
Comment[gu]=લખાણ ફાઇલોમાં ફેરફાર કરો
Comment[he]=ערוך קבצי טקסט
Comment[hi]=पाठ फ़ाइलें संपादित करें
Comment[hr]=Uređivanje tekstualne datoteke
Comment[hu]=Szövegfájlok szerkesztése
Comment[id]=Edit file teks
Comment[it]=Modifica file di testo
Comment[ja]=テキスト・ファイルを編集します
Comment[kn]=ಪಠ್ಯ ಕಡತಗಳನ್ನು ಸಂಪಾದಿಸು
Comment[ko]=텍스트 파일을 편집합니다
Comment[lt]=Redaguoti tekstines bylas
Comment[lv]=Rediģēt teksta failus
Comment[mk]=Уреди текстуални фајлови
Comment[ml]=വാചക രചനകള് തിരുത്തുക
Comment[mn]=Текст файл боловсруулах
Comment[mr]=गद्य फाइल संपादित करा
Comment[ms]=Edit fail teks
Comment[nb]=Rediger tekstfiler
Comment[ne]=पाठ फाइललाई संशोधन गर्नुहोस्
Comment[nl]=Tekstbestanden bewerken
Comment[nn]=Rediger tekstfiler
Comment[no]=Rediger tekstfiler
Comment[or]=ପାଠ୍ଯ ଫାଇଲଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ
Comment[pa]=ਪਾਠ ਫਾਇਲਾਂ ਸੰਪਾਦਨ
Comment[pl]=Edytor plików tekstowych
Comment[pt]=Editar ficheiros de texto
Comment[pt_BR]=Edite arquivos de texto
Comment[ro]=Editare fişiere text
Comment[ru]=Редактор текстовых файлов
Comment[sk]=Úprava textových súborov
Comment[sl]=Urejanje datotek z besedili
Comment[sq]=Përpuno files teksti
Comment[sr@Latn]=Izmeni tekstualne datoteke
Comment[sr]=Измени текстуалне датотеке
Comment[sv]=Redigera textfiler
Comment[ta]=உரை கோப்புகளை தொகுக்கவும்
Comment[th]=แก้ไขแฟ้มข้อความ
Comment[tk]=Metin faýllary editle
Comment[tr]=Metin dosyalarını düzenle
Comment[uk]=Редактор текстових файлів
Comment[vi]=Soạn thảo tập tin văn bản
Comment[wa]=Asspougnî des fitchîs tecses
Comment[zh_CN]=编辑文本文件
Comment[zh_TW]=編輯文字檔
Exec=/PATH/TO/vim-gnome -f %F
Icon=/PATH/TO/vim.svg
MimeType=text/plain;
Name=Vim Text Editor
NoDisplay=false
StartupNotify=true
Terminal=false
TryExec=/PATH/TO/vim-gnome
Type=Application
 Save the file.

~/.local/share/applications/vim-gnome.desktop is then referenced in ~/.local/share/applications/defaults.list, with:
cd ~/.local/share/applications
echo "text/plain=vim-gnome.desktop" >> defaults.list
That's it. You might need to restart nautilus or log out of gnome to see the change, I don't remember.

If you have made the changes correctly you should now see a new 'Vim Text Editor' entry in your Accessories menu, in your file properties dialog under the 'Open with' tab and in your context menu in Nautilus:


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